shoulder pain

One of the most complex joints of the human body is the shoulder joint. It is also known as the ball-socket joint because of the ball and socket-like shape of the bones. It has the most versatile range of motion among all the joints of our body.

Any type of injury or ligament tear in the shoulder causes pain and discomfort while moving our hands. Consult a physical therapist for shoulder pain relief. There are three types of bones in the shoulder joint, which are as follows:

  • The humerus (known as the long arm bone)
  • The clavicle (known as the collarbone)
  • The scapula (known as the shoulder blade)

Our shoulder joint is made up of these three bones and a layer of cartilage for cushioning between each bone. There are two main joints in the shoulder, known as the acromioclavicular joint and the glenohumeral joint.

The joint between the clavicle and the scapula is known as the acromioclavicular joint. It is at the highest part of the shoulder. The joint between the outer edge of the scapula and the ball-shaped part of the humerus bone is known as the glenohumeral joint.

These joints allow the circular motion of our shoulders. The rotator cuff is also responsible for the range of motion of our shoulder.

Understanding the Rotator Cuff

There are four types of tendons in the rotator cuff. It is also known as tissue that connects the bones with the muscles. During an injury or damage in the tissues or tendons of the shoulder, you have to deal with pain and discomfort when you move your arm.

The different types of activities or tasks that can lead to an injury in your shoulder are as follows:

  • Playing sports
  • Manual labor
  • Lifting heavyweight
  • Repetitive motion
  • Workout without any warm-up
  • Liver or heart disease
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Any type of accident or injury in the shoulder

These are the common problems that lead to pain in the shoulder joint. However, it is common to have pain in the shoulder joint without any reason after the age of 60 years. The reason is that the tissues of the joints tend to degenerate after a specific age.

You can use medicines or physical therapy to beat the pain. If the problem is severe, then the doctor or physical therapists might suggest surgery for the shoulder.

Causes of Shoulder Pain

There are several factors that might contribute to the shoulder pain you are suffering from. The most common cause is damage to the tendons of the rotator cuff. Injuries also cause pain in the shoulder. The pain is felt when you tend to move your arm. Here are a few of the common causes of shoulder pain:

  • Arthritis
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Torn cartilage
  • Heart attack
  • Dislocated shoulder
  • Torn rotator cuff
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Swollen tendons
  • Broken bone or arm in the shoulder
  • Any pinched or compressed nerve
  • Injury because of overuse of the joint

These are the common causes of shoulder pain. Along with these, there can be other causes also depending upon the condition of each individual. Therefore, you need to get a deep diagnosis of the problem from a physical therapist.

Diagnosis of Shoulder Pain

You can consult a doctor or physical therapist for the diagnosis of the problem. They ask for your complete medical history and examine your body with different techniques. They will assess the swelling and tenderness in the shoulder joint.

It also includes imaging tests, if required, like MRIs, x-rays, or CT scans. Here are a few of the common questions a doctor or therapist might ask:

  • Are you experiencing pain in one or both shoulders?
  • Is the aching in your shoulder dull or sharp?
  • Can you point to the exact area of the pain?
  • When your pain gets worse and better?

These are the most common questions you need to answer during the diagnosis process. It is extremely important to find the root cause of your problem. It can help the therapist to eliminate the same and provide you with a healthy life.

Physical Therapy for Shoulder Pain

If you do not want any type of surgery to be performed on your shoulder joint, then physical therapy is the best treatment for you. Also, it does not involve the use of any kind of harmful medications. It is very effective, and you can get rid of the issue completely.

In the following cases, you should get medical assistance as quickly as possible:

  • Dizziness
  • Trouble breathing
  • Excessive sweating
  • Chest tightness
  • Pain in the neck or jaw

You can start your pain-free life after the successful completion of the treatment.


You should get a natural treatment to beat your shoulder pain or injury, which is physical therapy. An effective or personalized therapy plan can help you eliminate all the suffering. Hire an experienced therapist for shoulder pain relief, to get the best results.